AndroidBites: #1 Threads: Intro

Image for post
Image for post

Hello everyone! this is a small series I’m starting on Android Development where I will try to break down the small core programming concepts into key points and bite-size snippets which you can use to brush up your concepts!

Keep learning and Happy Hacking!

Android is a modern Operating system(OS). What makes it smart and modern is the ability to Multitask.


Multitasking is a process of executing multiple tasks simultaneously.

  • Multitasking is of two types Process-based Multitasking (Multiprocessing)
    Thread-based Multitasking (Multithreading)
  • When we talk about a process we talking about a heavyweight task.
  • They occupy an address in memory and compute everything using that.
  • They mostly communicate with the OS, cost between process communication is high, lots of security and permission checks are imposed on them.
  • Switching between process needs saving its state and data.
  • YES, it’s an application running on your device.
  • A process in itself can perform many tasks using something called “threads”.
  • These threads can run concurrent and execute internal task of the process independently
  • You can also say Process itself a mother thread and can spawn child threads.
  • This mother thread is usually called the main thread of our program, it’s the first thread that ever runs when a program starts, and when it dies the program ends.

let’s understand threads first later we can cover more on Main-thread…


A thread is a lightweight sub-process, the smallest unit of processing.

  • Consider threads as separate flow execution.
  • Threads are independent. If there occurs exception in one thread, it doesn’t affect other threads.
  • They use the shared memory area allocated to the process.
  • They always belong to a process, they need to terminate with the process and release all the resources they occupy back to the OS.
  • A thread can exist whose parent process is dead, but they are alive, hold on to memory/system resource that was allocated to the parent process. The programmer should be responsible for controlling all scenarios where threads are spanned and not reclaimed.
  • At a time only one thread is executed.


In the next article, we will look into thread creation and starting a new thread.

Written by

Coding enthusiast! love Android #kotlinAlltheWay, want to explore all opportunity around it! CodingMantra: #cleanCoder #TDD #SOLID #designpatterns

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store